According to a number of of studies, Arabs are credited with initiating the first organized large-scale translation activity in history.
This activity started during the reign of Umayads and reached its peak under the Abbasids particularly during the reign of Al-Ma’mun which is known as the Golden Era of translation.
Al Ma’mun had founded the most important institute of higher learning in Islam which also became the most celebrated center of translation in Arab history.
Beit Al Hikma (House of Wisdom) in
Baghdad, functioned as an academy, library, and translation institute which had a personnel of around 65 translators.